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Sustainable Energy Conversion Processes

We are developing new, more sustainable processes which convert biomass, coal, natural gas, shale oil, and/or nuclear energy into energy products such as electricity, gasoline, diesel, methanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Process innovations can reduce lifecycle CO2 emissions, improve the thermal and carbon efficiencies, reduce fossil fuel consumption, and increase the profitability. For example, we are investigating processes which use solid oxide fuel cells to generate electricity. Not only are SOFCs efficient electrochemical devices, but when properly integrated into an energy system, electricity can be produced from fossil fuels with zero CO2 emissions. However, many challenges must be overcome before they can be used flexibly and reliably enough to satisfy peaking power demands at the municipal scale. Other projects of interest include flexible and sustainable polygeneration processes which can change their products throughout the day based on market prices or demand, and chemical looping-based polygeneration processes which can co-produce liquid fuels and electricity with zero CO2 emissions.

Image from J Power Sources, 228 281-293 (2013)

Dr. Thomas A. Adams II
Associate Professor
Lingyan Deng
PhD Candidate
Leila Hoseinzade
PhD Candidate
Haoxiang Lai
Ph.D. Candidate
Nina Monteiro
Ph.D. Candidate
Technical challenges in operating an SOFC in fuel flexible gas turbine hybrid systems: Coupling effects of cathode air mass flow
Harun, N. F., Tucker, David, Adams, T. A. II
Applied Energy, 94 852-867 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Design and assessment of advanced thermochemical plants for second generation biobutanol production considering mixed alcohols synthesis kinetics
Ind Eng Chem Res, 56 1543-1558 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Open Loop and Closed Loop Performance of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Turbine Hybrid Systems during Fuel Composition Changes
Harun, N. F., Tucker, David, Adams, T. A. II
Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 139 061702 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Comparison of CO2 Capture Approaches for Fossil-Based Power Generation: Review and Meta-Study
Processes, 5 (3) 44 (2017)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Impact of fuel composition transients on SOFC performance in gas turbine hybrid systems
Harun, N. F., Tucker, David, Adams, T. A. II
Applied Energy, 164 446-461 (2016)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Effect of moderate static electric field on the growth and metabolism of Chlorella vulgaris
Nezammahalleh, H., Ghanati F, Adams, T. A. II, Nosrati M, Shojaosadati SA
Bioresource Technology, 218 700-711 (2016)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Application of a two-level rolling horizon optimization scheme to a solid-oxide fuel cell and compressed air energy storage plant for the optimal supply of zero-emissions peaking power
Computers & Chemical Engineering, 94 235-249 (2016)  -  [ Publisher Version ]
Design and economic analysis of a macroalgae-to-butanol process via a thermochemical route
Okoli, C.Adams, T. A. II, Brigljević, Boris, Liu, Jay
Energy Conversion Manage, 123 410-422 (2016)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Comparative life cycle analyses of bulk-scale coal-fueled solid oxide fuel cell power plants
Applied Energy, 150 161-175 (2015)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]
Life cycle analyses of bulk-scale solid oxide fuel cell power plants
Can J Chem Eng, 93 (8) 1349-1363 (2015)  -  [ Publisher Version | Open Access Version (free) ]